J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 55, pp. 3786-3805 (1986) [20 Pages]
FULL PAPERS

Atmospheric Neutrino Background and Pion Nuclear Effect for KAMIOKA Nucleon Decay Experiment

+ Affiliations
1Department of Physics, and ICEPP, University of Tokyo2Institute for Cosmic Ray Research, University of Tokyo3Department of Astronomy, University of Tokyo4KEK, National Laboratory for High Energy Physics5Department of Physics, University of Niigata

The main source of background for nucleon decay experiments is the interaction of atmospheric neutrinos in the detector. To estimate this background a Monte Carlo program was developed, which simulates the neutrino interactions and the nuclear effects of secondary pions. The program reproduced existing neutrino data as well as global features of the contained events in the KAMIOKA nucleon decay experiment. Neutrino induced background for nucleon decay was then calculated.

©1986 The Physical Society of Japan

References

  • 1 J. L.Osborne, S. S.Said and A. W.Wolfendale: Proc. Phys. Soc. 86 (1965) 93. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
  • 2 E. C. M.Young: Cosmic Ray at Ground Level, ed. A. W.Wolfendale (The Institute of Physics, London, 1973) Chap. 6. Google Scholar
  • 3 T. K.Gaisser, T.Stanev, S. A.Bludman and H.Lee: Phys. Rev. Lett. 51 (1983) 223; and private communication with T. K.Gaisser. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
  • 4 S. J.Barish: Phys. Rev. D19 (1979) 2521. Google Scholar
  • 5 C. H.Llewellyn Smith: Phys. Rep. 3C (1972) 261. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
  • 6 W. A.Mann: Phys. Rev. Lett. 31 (1973) 844. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
  • 7 S.Hiramatsu: Proc. Int. Conf. on Nuclear Structure Studies Using Electron Scattering and Photoreaction, Sendai, 1972, p. 429. Google Scholar
  • 8 G. L.Fogli and G.Nardulli: Nucl. Phys. B160 (1979) 116. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
  • 9 D.Rein and L. M.Sehgal: Ann. Phys. 133 (1981) 79. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
  • 10 H.Deden: Nucl. Phys. B85 (1975) 269. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
  • 11 G. M.Radecky: Phys. Rev. D25 (1982) 1162. Google Scholar
  • 12 S. J.Barish: Phys. Rev. D17 (1978) 1. Google Scholar
  • 13 H.Sarikko: Neutrino 1979 (1979) 507. Google Scholar
  • 14 S.Barlag: Z. Phys. C11 (1982) 283. Google Scholar
  • 15 D.Day: Phys. Rev. D28 (1983) 2714. Google Scholar
  • 16 W. A.Mann: ANL HEP PR 86–04, preprint. Google Scholar
  • 17 H.Faissner: Phys. Lett. B68 (1977) 377. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
  • 18 W.Lee: Phys. Rev. Lett. 38 (1977) 202. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
  • 19 H. H.Williams: Conf. on Particles and Related Fields, BNL Upton (N.Y.), 1976. Google Scholar
  • 20 PaulMusset and Jean-PierreVialle: Phys. Rep. C39 (1978) 1. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
  • 21 M.Derrick: Phys. Rev. D30 (1984) 1605. Google Scholar
  • 22 H.Sato:The proposal of the Experiment of Nucleon Decays (1981)[in Japanese], and private communication. Google Scholar
  • 23 A.Nishimura and K.Takahashi: J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 52 (1983) 54 and private communication. Google Scholar
  • 24 C. H. Q.Ingram: Nucl. Phys. A374 (1982) 319C. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
  • 25 G.Rowe, M.Salomon and R. H.Landau: Phys. Rev. C18 (1978) 584. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
  • 26 K.Masutani: Dr. Thesis, Faculty of Science, Univ. of Tokyo, 1981 and private communication. Google Scholar
  • 27 T.Fujii: Photoproduction of charged π mesons from hydrogen and deuterium in the energy range between 250 and 790 MeV, preprint Univ. of Tokyo, INS-Report-256, March, 1976. Google Scholar
  • 28 K.Baba: Nucl. Phys. A 306 (1978) 292. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
  • 29 D.Ashery: Phys. Rev. C23 (1981) 2173. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
  • 30 W.Slater: Phys. Rev. Lett. 7 (1961) 378. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
  • 31 D. A.Sparrow: Talk given at the Conf. on the Intersection Between Particle and Nuclear Physics, Steamboat Springs, Colorado, May, 1984. Google Scholar
  • 32 T. A.Gabriel and M. S.Goodman: Phys. Rev. D25 (1982) 2463; ORNL/TM 8068 (1982). Google Scholar
  • 33 D. A.Sparrow: Phys. Rev. Lett. 44 (1980) 625. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
  • 34 R. L.Ford and W. R.Nelsen: SLAC Report No. 210, June, 1978. Google Scholar
  • 35 A. S.Clough: Nucl. Phys. B76 (1974) 15. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
  • 36 E.Bracci: π induced reaction' CERN/HERA 72–1 (1972). Google Scholar
  • 37 R.Eichler: JADE-Note No. 65, (1980) (unpublished). Google Scholar
  • 38 F.Binon: Nucl. Phys. B17 (1976) 168. Google Scholar
  • 39 Particle Data Group, Rev. of Mod. Phys. 56 (1984), No. 2, Part 2. Google Scholar
  • 40 V. M.Guzhavin: Sov. Phys.-JETP 20 (1965) 830; I. M.Kazarinov and I. N.Simonov: Sov. Phys.-JETP 4 (1957) 161; 34 (1958) 37. Google Scholar
  • 41 W.Hirt: Dans Les Collisons Proton-Noyaua 600 MeV, CERN Report 69–24. Google Scholar
  • 42 P. R.Bevington: Nucleon-Nucleon Interactions-1977; AIP. Conf. Prof. No. 41, ed. H. W.Fearing (1978), p. 305. Google Scholar
  • 43 H.Kume : N.I.M. 205 (1983) 443. Google Scholar
  • 44 K.Arisaka : J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 54 (1985) 3213. LinkGoogle Scholar
  • 45 T.Kajita : J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 55 (1986) 711. LinkGoogle Scholar